Electricity market in Kazakhstan
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This report is available both in Russian and English versions.
The report is devoted to investigation of the current standing of the electricity market in Kazakhstan and forecast of its development for the period up to 2015. The report consists of four sections, contains 39 pages, including 12 tables and 10 figures.
As information sources data of the following state bodies were employed: the Agency of Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan, JSC “Kazakhstan Electricity Grid Operating Company” “KEGOC”), JSC “Kazakhstan operator of electricity and power market” (JSC “KOREM”). In addition, data of the sectoral and regional press, annual and quarterly reports of companies, web-sites of company-producers and large industrial consumers of electricity were also used.
The first section of the report is devoted to the characteristics of the electricity market in Kazakhstan, including the sectors of production, transmission, and supply of electricity, as well as the consumption sector.
The first chapter of the first section examines the structure of a power generation in Kazakhstan by types of energy resources.
The second chapter presents the data for the production of electricity and heat in the country in 2005-2011.
The third chapter is devoted to the production of electricity by energy zones in 2009-2010, as well as to the distribution of production by regions of Kazakhstan.
The fourth chapter examines the main producers of electricity in the country, including JSC “Aksu GRES”, LLP “Ekibastuz GRES-1”, JSC “Ekibastuz GRES-2” (GRES stands for a state regional power plant). Statistics data on the dynamics of the power generation at 15 major stations in 2005-2010 are provided, as well as information on the supply of electricity from Aksu GRES to aluminum enterprises in Kazakhstan.
The fifth chapter of the first section is devoted to the consumption of electricity in the country. The structure of consumption by major sectors in 2010 is given, as well as the consumption of electricity by large industrial enterprises of Kazakhstan in 2007-2010.
The second section deals with the Kazakh export-import of electricity in 2005-2010.
The third section is devoted to the prices of electricity in Kazakhstan. Limiting rates for groups of power plants are presented up to 2015. In addition, a graph of the dynamics of prices and the price indices for electricity purchased by industry in 2005-2011 is given. In this section, for comparison, the ranking of countries by the cost of electricity (for the public) in 2010-2011 is presented.
The fourth section includes the forecast of the development of electric power energetics in Kazakhstan until 2015. A list of major projects for the development of industry in the country is presented.
The conclusion section provides the forecast of the balance of generation and consumption of electricity in Kazakhstan.
1. Characteristics of the electricity market in Kazakhstan
1.1. Raw materials for the generation of electricity in Kazakhstan
1.2. Production of electricity and heat in Kazakhstan in 2005-2011
1.3. Production of electricity and heat in Kazakhstan by energy zones
1.4. Main producers of electricity in Kazakhstan
1.4.1. JSC “Aksu GRES”
1.4.2. LLP “Ekibastuz GRES-1”
1.4.3. JSC “Ekibastuz GRES-2”
1.5. Consumption of electricity in Kazakhstan
1.6. Consumption of thermal energy in Kazakhstan
2. Export-import of electricity in Kazakhstan in 2005-2010
3. Review of prices for electricity in Kazakhstan
4. Forecast of development of the electric power industry in Kazakhstan
Conclusions of the study
Table 1. Production of electric energy by energy zones of Kazakhstan in 2009-2010, million kW∙h , %
Table 2. Dynamics of the thermal energy production in Kazakhstan in 2005-2010 by regions, thousand Gcal
Table 3. Volumes of the electric energy production by large power stations of Kazakhstan in 2005-2010, billion kW∙h
Table 4. Supplies of electricity from Aksu GRES to aluminum enterprises of Kazakhstan, million kW∙h
Table 5. Consumption of electricity by large industrial enterprises of Kazakhstan in 2007-2010, million kW∙h
Table 6. Consumption of electricity in Kazakhstan by energy zones in 2010, billion kW∙h, %
Table 7. Distribution of the domestic consumption of the thermal energy by regions of Kazakhstan in 2010, thousand Gcal
Table 8. Limiting tariffs for electricity in Kazakhstan by groups of power plants up to 2015
Table 9. Dynamics of prices for electricity, purchased by industrial enterprises for the technological cycle in 2005-2011, tenge/1000 kW∙h
Table 10. Rating of countries by the cost of electricity (for the public) in 2010-2011, Rub./kW∙h, Tenge/kW∙h
Table 11. Large projects for the development of the electric power industry in Kazakhstan in 2010-2015
Table 12. Forecast of the supply-demand balance of electricity in the Republic of Kazakhstan for the period up to 2014, billion kW∙h
Figure 1. Structure of power generation in Kazakhstan by types of energy resources, %
Figure 2. Dynamics of the electric energy production in Kazakhstan in 2005-2011, billion kW∙h (2011 – an assessment)
Figure 3. Structure of the electricity production in Kazakhstan in 2010, %
Figure 4. Dynamics of the thermal energy production in Kazakhstan in 2005-2011, million Gcal
Figure 5. Distribution of the electric energy production in Kazakhstan
Figure 6. Distribution of the thermal energy production in Kazakhstan in 2010 by regions, %
Figure 7. Structure of the electric energy production in Kazakhstan by largest power stations in 2010, %
Figure 8. Structure of consumption of electricity in Kazakhstan in 2010, %
Figure 9. Dynamics of export-import of electricity in Kazakhstan in 2005-2010, billion kW∙h
Figure 10. Dynamics of prices and price indices in Kazakhstan for electricity, purchased by industrial enterprises in 2005-2010, tenge/1000 kW∙h, %