Springs for Freight Cat Trucks in the CIS: Production, Market and Forecast
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This report is currently available in Russian language only. However, we can provide an English version of the report within 3 weeks after receiving a payment.
The report is devoted to analysis of market of railway springs, applied in manufacture of trucks for freight wagons in Russia and CIS countries. The report includes 7 Sections, contains 80 Pages with 25 Tables and 27 Figures.
The first Section presents general concepts of spring suspension, effect of springs on characteristics of trucks, their role in providing safety of railway traffic.
Requirements, imposed on materials, used in manufacture of springs, as well as technical characteristics of the springs are described in Section 2.
Section 3 presents estimation of production of springs in Russia and Ukraine. As direct statistical data on the springs are not available, the Section describes in details proposed method of calculation of springs, produced in Russia, which is used in the following Sections for estimation of springs production in other CIS countries. For instance, calculation of demand for springs in building new freight wagons, and for repair of operating wagons is given. Besides, with presents in details information on export supplies of springs separately and also springs as parts of finished trucks. In addition, description of company-producers of springs in Ukraine is presented.
Section 4 is devoted to detailed description of Russian producers of springs.
Section 5 presents the main consumers of railway springs in Russia and Ukraine, characteristics of demand for them in the countries with the greatest volumes of freight wagons repair works.
Section 6 briefly presents comparative characteristics of domestic and export-import prices on springs, as well as prices of individual producers.
Section 7 demonstrates possible scenarios of development of transport machine building industry, the main prospects of building new productive capacities in sphere of spring production. Finally, forecast of possible development of spring manufacture up to 2015 is given.
The main information sources were materials of interviews with leading specialists of company– producers and consumers (producers of trucks) of railway springs. The offered method of calculation of consumption and production of springs on the basis of data of Federal Customs Service (FCS) and Federal Service of State Statistics (FSSS) of Russia allowed to estimate with high preciseness demand for the springs in Russia and other CIS countries. Important information was also taken from sectoral mass media and materials from library of JSC «RZhD»
Actuality of this research is determined by a number of factors:
1. Freight traffic market and freight car building market are key components of state economics, providing stable operation of any economic subjects independently of their size. Freight cars (wagons) are the main instruments of solving the transport task.
2. High degree of wearing of the cars, as well as increasing volume of railway traffic, being in force until mid-2008, determined increasing demand for new freight cars, as well as in modernising and repair of operating cars. In conditions of current financial crisis, role of the repair increases, and springs are one of important component- spare parts for freight cars.
3. Until recently, knowledge of market of railway springs was accumulated in specialized institutes or subdivisions of state corporation JSC «RZhD». At present time, when restructuring the state corporation is in progress, new players enter both freight traffic market and the car repair market, and these players are interested in detailed information about spring suspension sets for freight wagon trucks.
4. Usefulness of the research is also connected with the fact that no direct data, describing market of railway springs, are available. Methods, offered in the research, allowed to give rather high-precise estimation of the spring consumption in Russia and other CIS countries.
Special attention in the research is paid to trucks (and springs) of engineer Khanin. This is connected with the fact that the design, offered by Mr. Khanin, is applied in almost 85% of existing fleet of freight wagons; on the other hand, age of the design exceeds 50 years, and a need arose now to elaborate new design of tracks with higher performance data compared with the Khanin design trucks (springs).
1. General information about trucks and spring suspension
2. Resources, used in production of springs
3. Production of springs
3.1. Production springs in Russia in 2003-2008
3.1.1. Production of freight wagons
3.1.2. Repair of freight wagons
3.1.3. Export supplies of springs
3.1.4. Summarized data on production of springs in Russia
3.2. Production of springs in Ukraine
3.2.1. JSC «Kryukovsky car-building plant»
3.2.2. ODO «Popasnyansky car-repair plant»
3.2.3. JSC «Dneprovagonmash»
3.2.4. Summarized data on production of springs in Ukraine
4. Characteristics of the main producers springs in Russia
4.1. CJSC «Beloretsk plant of springs»
4.2. JSC «NPK «Uralvagonzavod»
4.3. CJSC «MC «Bryansk machine building plant
4.4. JSC «Altaivagon»
4.5. JSC «Volgograd plant of tractor parts»
5. Consumption of springs
5.1. The main consumers of springs in Russia
5.2. Consumption of springs in CIS countries
6. Domestic and export-import prices on springs
7. Estimation of capacity and forecast of development of Russian market of springs
Appendix. Contact information on enterprises
Table 1. Chemical composition the most widely-applied steels for production of air-spring suspension springs (GOST 14959-79)
Table 2. Requirements, imposed on mechanical properties of spring steels (GOST 14959-79)
Table 3. The main suppliers of steel to producers of springs in CIS countries
Table 4. Breakage of reasons of uncoupling of wagons for current repair of main failures of trucks
Table 5. Pattern of export of railway springs by types in 2003-2008, thousand pairs, %
Table 6. The main exporters of railway springs, thousand pairs
Table 7. Dynamics of export of springs, installed in trucks, in 2003-2008, thousand pairs
Table 8. Estimation of production of railway springs in Russia in 2003-2008, thousand pairs
Table 9. Dynamics of production of railway springs in Ukraine in 2004-2008
Table 10. Breakage of export supplies of Russian railway springs in 2003-2008 by countries and kinds, thousand pairs
Table 11. Comparative characteristics of financial results of CJSC «BZRP» and average results in the sector in 2008
Table 12. The main importers of Russian railway springs in 2003-2008, thousand pairs
Table 13. Financial and economic performance data of CJSC «BZRP» for 2005-2008
Table 14. Financial and economic performance data of JSC «NPK «UVZ» in 2003-2007
Table 15. Financial and economic performance data of operation of CJSC «BMZ» in 2005-2008
Table 16. Characteristics of working capital of JSC «Altaivagon» in 2007-2008
Table 17. Liquidity of company, sufficient capital and working capital
Table 18. The main economic performance of JSC «VZTDiN» in 2006-2008
Table 19. Consumption of railway springs by wagon (car)-building companies of Russia in 2003-2008, thousand pairs
Table 20. Structure of wagon (car)-repair shed of Central Directorate on repair of freight wagons
Table 21. Dynamics of production of freight wagons and calculation of demand for railway springs in CIS countries in 2004-2008, thousand pieces, thousand pairs
Table 22. The main consumers of railway springs in Ukraine in 2003-2008 and the first 2 months of 2009, thousand pairs
Table 23. Organizations, involved in repair of freight wagons in Belarus
Table 24. Export prices on railway springs in 2003-2008, $ (exclusive of VAT)
Table 25. Forecast of demand for fleet of freight wagons of all ownership kinds in Russia, thousand wagons, $ bln
Figure 1. Double dynamic primary spring equalizing system
Figure 2. General view of spring group of truck 18-100
Figure 3. Scheme of fan-clutch wedge-type shock absorber of truck model 18-100
Figure 4. Pattern of production of railway springs in Russia by enterprises in 2008, %
Figure 5. Dynamics of production of freight wagons and consumption of springs in 2003-2008, pieces wagons, thousand pairs
Figure 6. Fleet of freight wagons in Russia in 2004-2009, thousand wagons
Figure 7. Volume of repair of freight wagons in Russia in 2004-2008, thousand wagons
Figure 8. Breakage of uncoupling of freight wagons for current repair in 2007, %
Figure 9. Breakage of uncoupling of wagons for current repair of assembly failures in 2007, %
Figure 10. Dynamics of consumption of railway springs for repair of freight wagons in Russia in 2004-2008, thousand pairs
Figure 11. Dynamics of springs export in 2003-2008, thousand pairs, %
Figure 12. Estimation of production of springs in 2006 (prepared by specialists of JSC «VZTDiN», thousand pairs, %
Figure 13. Estimation of production of railway springs in 2003-2008, prepared by InfoMine experts, thousand pairs, %
Figure 14. Pattern of production of springs in 2008 by enterprises of Ukraine, thousand pairs, %
Figure 15. Production of railway springs by JSC «NPK «UVZ» in 2003-2008, thousand pairs
Figure 16. Equity capital pattern of CJSC «UK «BMZ» as of 01.01.09
Figure 17. Dynamics of production of freight wagons and railway springs by JSC «Altaivagon» in 2003-2008
Figure 18. Equity capital pattern of JSC «VZTDiN» and LLC «VZTDiN as of 01.01.09
Figure 19. Pattern of market of JSC «VZTDiN» in 2008, %
Figure 20. Dynamics of fleet of freight wagons in CIS countries and Baltic countries in 2004-2008, thousand pieces, %
Figure 21. Pattern of freight wagons fleet in CIS countries and Baltic countries in 2008, thousand wagons, %
Figure 22. Consumption of railway springs for repair of freight wagons in CIS countries and Baltic countries in 2004-2008, thousand pairs, thousand wagons
Figure 23. Summarized data of consumption of springs in CIS and Baltic countries in 2004-2008, thousand pairs
Figure 24. Production of freight wagons in Belarus in 2005-2008, pieces
Figure 25. Estimation of Uzbekistan demand for springs in 2006-2008, pieces wagons, thousand pairs
Figure 26. Selling prices on Khanin’s springs (as of April 2009), Rubles/set
Figure 27. Forecast of production of railway springs in Russia in 2009-2015, thousand pairs, %