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    Direct Reduced Iron (DRI/HBI) in the world and Russia: Production, Market and Forecast (3 edition)

    Number of pages: 125 Number of tables: 31 Number of figures: 29
    Language: Russian
    Released: 25.06.2021
    Delivery method:

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    Price: 2 000 Euro

    This report is currently available in Russian language only. However, we can provide an English version of the report within 3 weeks after receiving a payment.

     

    This report is the third edition of the Direct Reduced Iron (DRI/HBI) Market Survey.

    The aim of the study is to analyze the DRI / HBI market in the world, covering the period from 2007 to 2020.

    A feature of this report is the analysis of DRI production in Russia, as well as providing information on the main processes for DRI obtaining.

    The object of research is direct reduced iron.

    This work is a desk study. The sources of information were data from the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation (Rosstat), statistics of railway transportation of the Russian Federation, the Federal Customs Service of the Russian Federation; UN databases, InfoMine databases, Midrex data. Also involved were data from the industry and regional press, annual and quarterly reports of securities issuers, Internet sites of companies producing and consuming DRI.

    Chronological framework of the study: 2007-2020, forecast up to 2030.

    Geography of research: the world as a whole, Russia, India, Mexico.

     

    Research volume: the report consists of 10 parts, contains 125 pages, including 31 tables, 29 figures and 2 appendices.

    The first chapter of the study is devoted to the analysis of the current state of the production of DRI, highlighting the main processes of its release, the form of the product. The chapter also briefly presents the main directions of development of the DRI production technology.

    In the second chapter of the study, the characteristics of the main processes for the production of DRI are presented, in particular, Midrex (Midrex®, MXCOL®, HOTLINK®) and HYL / Energiron (HYL ZR). In addition, the characteristics of the technology for the production of reduced iron by liquid-phase reduction and "hybrid" processes (ITmk3, COREX, HIsmelt) are given. The requirements for the quality of DRI of some manufacturers are presented.

    The third chapter of the study is devoted to the analysis of DRI production in the world by main technological processes and countries in 2007-2020. The main regions and countries for the production of DRI are highlighted, as well as large manufacturing companies.

    The fourth chapter of the study lists a number of new projects for the production of DRI, provides data on the economics of projects, including investments, the level of operating costs, etc.

    In the fifth chapter of the study, the issue of costs for the production of DRIs in the world, as well as in individual countries, is worked out. A global cost curve for DRI production in 2007-2019 has been built.

    The sixth chapter of the study analyzes the foreign trade of DRI in the world in the period 2007-2020. The role of Russia in the world trade in metallized raw materials is revealed.

    The seventh chapter of the study analyzes the prices for DRI / HBI in the world in 2007-2020, and presents a forecast of the price level for HBI for the period up to 2030.

    In the eighth chapter of the study, data on the volumes of DRI consumption in the world and in individual countries in 2007-2020 are presented, the main drivers influencing the demand for this type of product are identified, and some of the largest consumers of DRI are identified.

    The ninth chapter of the study shows the role and place of DRI in the structure of consumption of iron-containing raw materials in steelmaking.

    The tenth chapter of the study analyzes the barriers to entry into the DRL market and recommendations for a new market participant.

    The appendices to the report contain contact details of some participants in the DRI market and metallurgical enterprises in the CIS who have experience in using metallized raw materials in steel production.

     

    Target audience of the study:

    - DRI market participants - producers and consumers;

    - potential investors.

    The proposed study claims to be a reference guide for marketing services and specialists making management decisions working in this market.

    Annotation

     

    Introduction

     

    1. Current state of production processes for DRI (metallized pellets and HBI)

     

    2. Characteristics of the main technological processes for obtaining DRI / HBI; requirements for the quality of products from various manufacturers

    2.1 Midrex process

    2.2 HYL ZR process

    2.3 ITmk3 process

    2.4 COREX process

    2.5 HIsmelt Process

     

    3. Dynamics of DRI / HBI production in the world by major regions and countries in 2007-2020; leading countries and manufacturing companies

    3.1 Mexico

    3.2 India

    3.3 Russia

    3.4 Iran

     

    4. New projects for the construction of DRI / HBI plants, prices for purchased raw materials (expert assessment)

     

    5. Global costcurve of DRI and HBI in 2007-2019, including new projects (expert assessment)

     

    6. World trade in DRI (including HBI) in 2007-2020.

    6.1 Dynamics of global exports, main exporting countries

    6.2 Dynamics of global imports, main importing countries

     

    7. Analysis of prices for DRI of different types (including HBI) in 2007-2021; price forecast for the period up to 2030

     

    8. Consumption of DRI in the world in 2007-2020. and his forecast until 2030

     

    9. The share of DRI in the total volume of raw materials for steel production

     

    10. Barriers to market entry, recommendations for a new player

     

    Appendix 1. Contact information of companies producing DRI, constructing and supplying equipment

    Appendix 2. Contact information of metallurgical enterprises in the CIS with some experience of using DRI

    Table 1: Chemical composition and mechanical properties of metallized pellets produced by OEMK

    Table 2: Chemical composition of HBI produced by Lebedinsky GOK

    Table 3: Requirements for the chemical composition of DRI in India,%

    Table 4: Chemical Composition of Sponge Iron (Plated Pellets and HBI) Used at EZZ Flat Steel

    Table 5: World production of DRL by regions in 2007-2020, million tons

    Table 6: Main countries producing DRI in 2007-2020, million tons

    Table 7: Major Plants for Metallized Raw Materials in Mexico

    Table 8: Estimation of production volumes of metallized raw materials in Mexico by main plants in 2007-2019, million tons

    Table 9: Capacities, Metallized Raw Materials Production (Mt) and Capacity Utilization (%) in India in 2014-2020

    Table 10: Major Plants for Plating Raw Materials in India

    Table 11: Estimation of production volumes of metallized raw materials in India by main plants in 2007-2019, million tons

    Table 12: Dynamics of DRI production in Russia by enterprises in 2007-2020, million tons

    Table 13: Dynamics of HBI shipment by Lebedinsky GOK to the domestic and world markets in 2007-2020, million tons

    Table 14: Dynamics of HBI shipment by Lebedinsky GOK to individual Russian consumers in 2010-2020, thousand tons

    Table 15: Major Plants-Producers of Metallized Raw Materials in Iran

    Table 16: Estimation of production volumes of metallized raw materials in Iran by major companies in 2007-2019, million tons

    Table 17: Commissioning of new capacities and construction of installations for the production of DRI / HBI in 2018-2021

    Table 18: Estimated production costs and purchased raw materials by metallized raw materials manufacturing companies in 2018 and 2019

    Table 19: Dynamics of world exports of DRI in 2007-2019, main exporters, thousand tons

    Table 20: Dynamics of Russian DRI export by region in 2007-2020, thousand tons

    Table 21: Directions of export deliveries of DRI from Russia in 2007-2020, thousand tons

    Table 22: Dynamics of world imports of DRI in 2007-2019, main importers, thousand tons

    Table 23: Forecast of the average level of HBI import prices until 2030 for supplies to European countries (for example, Italy), $ / t CFR

    Table 24: Estimation of the apparent consumption of DRI in the world in 2007-2020, million tons

    Table 25: Apparent consumption of DRI in India in 2007-2020, million tons

    Table 26: Apparent consumption of DRI in Mexico in 2007-2020, million tons

    Table 27: Apparent consumption of DRI in North Arabia in 2007-2019, million tons

    Table 28: Apparent consumption of DRI in Russia in 2007-2020, million tons

    Table 29: Forecast of world DRI consumption for the period up to 2030, million tons

    Table 30: Some of the largest consumers of DRI in the world

    Table 31: Balance of metal-containing raw materials in steelmaking in the world and in Russia in 2020, million tons

    Figure 1: Diagram of the Midrex process

    Figure 2: Diagram of the HYL ZR process

    Figure 3: Diagram of the ITmk3 process

    Figure 4: Diagram of the COREX process

    Figure 5: HIsmelt smelter

    Figure 6: Schematic of the HIsmelt plant complex

    Figure 7: World production of DRI in 2007-2020, million tons

    Figure 8: The share of individual technological processes in the global production of DRI in 2007-2019,%

    Figure 9: The share of certain regions in the global production of DRI in 2007-2020,%

    Figure 10: Production of DRI in Mexico and the country's share in world production in 2007-2020, million tons,%

    Figure 11: Dynamics of production of metallized raw materials and smelting of electric steel in Mexico in 2007-2020, million tons

    Figure 12: Dynamics of DRI production and smelting of electric steel in India in 2007-2020, million tons

    Figure 13: Dynamics of DRI production in Russia (million tons) and Russia's share in world production (%) in 2007-2020

    Figure 14: Production of metallized raw materials and their shipment for export by OEMK JSC in 2007-2020, million tons

    Figure 15: Dynamics of DRI production in Iran (million tons) and the country's share in world production (%) in 2007-2020

    Figure 16: Global DRI / HBI Cost Curve by Year

    Figure 17: Assessment of the structure of world costs for DRI / HBI production in 2007-2019,%

    Figure 18: Cost Curve of HBI / DRI by Country in 2019 (expert judgment)

    Figure 19: Dynamics of global DRI exports (million tonnes) and Russia's share in global exports (%) in 2007-2019

    Figure 20: Dynamics of export of DRL from Russia in physical (million tons) and value (million $) in 2007-2020

    Figure 21: The share of certain regions in the Russian export of DRI in 2007-2020,%

    Figure 22: Import prices for HBI and pig iron (CFR), domestic prices for crushed scrap on the Italian spot market in 2007-2021, $ / t

    Figure 23: Spot prices for HBI in the world market in 2007-2021, $ / t

    Figure 24: Forecast of the average level of HBI import prices for deliveries to European countries (on the example of Italy) until 2030, $ / t CFR

    Figure 25: DRI Consumption in India 2007-2020 (million tons), the country's share in world consumption (%)

    Figure 26: Consumption of DRI in Iran 2007-2019 (million tons), the country's share in world consumption (%)

    Figure 27: Consumption of DRI in Mexico (million tonnes), country's share in global consumption (%)

    Figure 28: Consumption of DRI in North Arabia (million tonnes), country's share in global consumption (%)

    Figure 29: Consumption of DRI in Russia (million tonnes), country's share in global consumption (%)

     

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