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    Cast iron world market: current standing and prospects of development

    Number of pages: 126 Number of tables: 61 Number of figures: 65
    Language: Russian + English
    Released: 24.04.2007
    Delivery method:

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    Price: 1 800 Euro

    This report is available both in Russian and English versions.

     

    The report is devoted to investigation of current standing of global market of cast iron in Russia and forecast of the market development up to 2010. The report consists of 11 Sections, contains 126 pages, including 65 Figures, 61 Tables, Introduction and Conclusion. This work is desk study. As information sources, we used data of Rosstat, Inter-state Committee on Statistics of CIS countries, Federal Customs Service of Russia, official domestic railage statistic of JSC RZhD (former Ministry of Railway Transport of Russia), Gosstandard of Russia, foreign statistic handbooks, FGUP TsNIIChermet, Rudprom, Chermet Corporation, IISI, MySteel, Japan Iron and Steel Federation, Iron & Steel Works of the Global, Eurostat, IPIA, CRU, Statistic Agency of Ukraine, sectoral (industrial) and regional press (including foreign), annual and quarterly reports of companies, as well as data from web-sites of company-producers.

    The first Section of the report presents data on reserves of iron ore resources in the main mining countries: Australia, Brazil, India, Russia, Ukraine.
    The second Section is devoted to analysis of the main processes of production of cast iron in the world. The Section gives the main characteristics of processes of cast iron production in the world.
    The third Section is devoted to analysis of consumption of the main resources and fuel in blast furnace production in Russia, including data on specific consumption of iron ore resources and fuel in production of cast iron at some metallurgical enterprises of the country.
    The fourth Section considers data on requirements, imposed on quality of cast iron. The Section presents data on chemistry of various cast irons, including in accordance with standards of China, which is leading producer of cast iron in the world now.
    The fifth Section analyses tendencies of production of cast iron in the world. In the production, share of Asian countries, first of all, China, steadily increases. In latest years, rates increasing production of cast iron in the world outstrip rates of growth of steel production. Data on production of cast iron in the world and in distinct countries for the period of 2000-2006 are given, changing pattern of regional production of cast iron is shown, the greatest global producers of cast iron is identified.
    The sixth Section analysis development of production of cast iron in leading country-producers, including China, Japan, Russia, Brazil, Japan, EU countries, Ukraine. The Section presents data on volumes of production, leading company- producers of cast iron, availability and volume of blast furnaces and their productivity, launching new capacities.
    The seventh Section is devoted to analysis of current situation at world market of commodity cast iron. Leading suppliers of commodity cast iron at world market are Brazil and Russia. The Section considers tendencies of production of commodity cast iron in Brazil and Russia. The main problem of producers of commodity cast iron in Brazil is provision with charcoal. Nevertheless, Brazilian metallurgical companies plan expanding capacities on production of commodity cast iron.
    The eighth Section is devoted to analysis of world trade in cast iron. The Section presents data on dynamics of volumes of world exports of cast iron, reveals the greatest exporters and importers of cast iron. The greatest exporters of cast iron are Brazil and Russia, whereas the main importers are USA, European countries, some Asian countries.
    The ninth Section analyses tendencies of world consumption of cast iron, including in the greatest countries. Leading consumers of cast iron are China, Japan, Russia and USA. The first 3 country demonstrate increasing consumption of cast iron, owed, first of all, by increasing production of steel. Notice that, in the countries, the main rout of steelmaking is BOC technology, at relatively low, compared with a number of European countries and USA, share of electric steel.

    The tenth Section analyses price conjuncture tendencies at world market of cast iron. A characteristic feature of global market of cast iron in latest years is increasing price level (except 2005). Conjuncture of market of cast iron depends on supply-demand balance of the product and level of prices on ferrous metal scrap and metallised resources. In latest years, a tendency increasing gap between prices on prices on cast iron and prices on ferrous metal scrap is in force.

    In the 2nd half of 2006 and early 2007, at world market, highest levels of prices on cast iron were reached.
    The 11th Section presents forecast of development of market of cast iron up to 2010. We expect further increasing demand for cast iron at world market. Rates of growth of production of cast iron will outstrip rates of expanding steelmaking in connection of domination of converter steel production method in China, as well as in India, where a number of large projects is to be realized, short supply of high-grade scrap, decreasing scrap supplies to world market from Russia and some other countries, and other reasons.

     

    Introduction

     

    1. Mineral-resources base: the main deposits and reserves
    1.1. Australia
    1.2. Brazil
    1.3. Russia
    1.4. Ukraine
    1.5. India

     

    2. Characteristics of cast iron production processes

     

    3. Consumption of key resources and fuel in blast furnace production in Russia

     

    4. Requirements, imposed on quality of cast iron
    Steelmaking iron
    Foundry iron
    As-cast nodular cast iron

     

    5. Global production of cast iron

     

    6. The greatest producers of cast iron
    China
    Japan
    EU countries
    Russia
    Ukraine

     

    7. Market of commodity cast iron
    7.1. Brazil
    7.2. Russia

     

    8. Global trade in cast iron
    8.1. The greatest suppliers of cast iron to world market
    Brazil
    Russia
    Ukraine
    RSA (the Republic of South-Africa)

    8.2. The greatest importers of cast iron
    USA
    EU countries
    Asian countries
    Japan
    South Korea
    China
    Turkey

     

    9. Consumption of cast iron

     

    10. Price tendencies of world market of cast iron

     

    11. Forecast of conjuncture of cast iron market

     

    Conclusion

    Table 1. Mineral resources base in Australia
    Table 2. Mineral resources base in Brazil
    Table 3. Reserves of iron ores and provision of ferrous metallurgy enterprises with reserves
    Table 4. Reserves of iron ore, production of iron ore resources and their exports in Ukraine, kt
    Table 5. Production capacities of facilities on extra-blast furnace production of cast iron
    Table 6. Characteristics of processes of cast iron production
    Table 7. Specific consumption of iron ore resources and fuel in production of steelmaking iron in 2003-2005
    Table 8. Steelmaking iron of grades P1, P2, PL1 and PL2 (GOST 805-95)
    Table 9. Phosphoric iron and steelmaking iron of grades PF1, PF2, PF3 (GOST 805-95)
    Table 10. High-grade iron and steelmaking iron of grades PVK1, PVK2, PVK3 (GOST 805-95)
    Table 11. Nodular iron of grade PVK N (GOST 805-95)
    Table 12. Average chemical composition of steelmaking iron, produced in Russia in 2005
    Table 13. Chemical composition of steelmaking iron (GB/T 717-1998)
    Table 14. Foundry iron and foundry synthetic iron (GOST 4832-95)
    Table 15. Chemical composition of foundry iron (GB718-65)
    Table 16. Chemical composition of nodular iron (GOST 7293-85)
    Table 17. Chemical composition of nodular iron (GB1412-78) 36
    Table 18. Chemical composition of cast iron, produced by various methods (processes), %
    Table 19. Global production of cast iron in 2000-2006, kt
    Table 20. The greatest producers of cast iron, mln tonnes
    Table 21. Import of iron ore resources (kt) by China and average import price ($/t) in 2005-2006
    Table 22. Quantity of blast furnaces and their capacity in China as of the end of 2004 and 2006
    Table 23. Production of cast iron by large and medium-size enterprises in China in 2005-2006, mln tonnes
    Table 24. Consumption of coke in Japan in 2004-2005, mln tonnes
    Table 25. Operation of blast furnaces in Japan in 2006
    Table 26. Production of cast iron (broken by types) in Japan in 2004-2006, kt
    Table 27. Production of cast iron by metallurgical companies of Japan in 2005-2006, mln tonnes
    Table 28. Blast furnaces of Japan and their characteristics
    Table 29. Reconstruction of blast furnaces of company Nippon Steel with expanding volume
    Table 30. Capacities on production of cast iron of the greatest European producers, kt per year
    Table 31. Dynamics of capacities on production of cast iron, broken by regions of Russia, in 2000-2006, kt
    Table 32. Blast furnaces of Russia, their volumes and capacities
    Table 33. Production of cast iron, broken by Russian enterprises in 2000-2006, kt
    Table 34. Grades of cast iron and blast-furnace ferroalloys, produced by Russian ferrous metallurgy enterprises in 2005, kt
    Table 35. Blast furnaces of Ukraine, their volumes and capacities (as of the beginning of 2007)
    Table 36. Production of cast iron in Ukraine, broken by producers, in 2000-2006, kt
    Table 37. Production of commodity cast iron in Brazil in 2000-2006, kt
    Table 38. Estimation of production of commodity cast iron in Russia in 2002-2006, kt
    Table 39. The greatest producers of commodity cast iron in Russia in 2002-2006, kt
    Table 40: The greatest consumers of commodity cast iron in Russian domestic market in 2006 (kt)
    Table 41. World exports of cast iron in 2000-2006, kt
    Table 42. Export of cast iron by Brazil, broken by countries, and average export prices in 2005-2006
    Table 43. Export of cast iron by Russia, broken by countries, and average export prices in 2005-2006
    Table 44. The greatest Russian exporters of cast iron in 2005-2006, kt
    Table 45. Export of cast iron by Ukraine, broken by countries, and average export prices in 2005-2006
    Table 46. Export of cast iron by China, broken by countries, and average export prices in 2005-2006
    Table 47. Export of cast iron by the Republic of South Africa and average export prices in 2005-2006
    Table 48. The greatest importers of cast iron in 2000-2006, kt
    Table 49. Import of cast iron of USA, broken by countries, and average import prices in 2005-2006
    Table 50. Import of cast iron by EU (broken by country-destinations) and average import prices in 2005-2006
    Table 51. Import of cast iron by EU (broken by country-suppliers) and average import prices in 2005-2006
    Table 52. Import of cast iron by Asian countries and average prices
    Table 53. Import of cast iron by Japan, broken by countries, and average import prices
    Table 54. Import of cast iron by South Korea, broken by countries, and average import prices
    Table 55. Import of cast iron by China, broken by countries, and average import prices
    Table 56. Import of cast iron by Turkey, broken by countries, and average prices
    Table 57. Global consumption of cast iron, broken by regions, in 2005-2006, kt
    Table 58. Apparent consumption of cast iron in China in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Table 59. Apparent consumption of cast iron in Japan in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Table 60. Apparent consumption of cast iron in Russia in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Table 61. Apparent consumption of cast iron in USA in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Table 62. Apparent consumption of cast iron in Brazil in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Table 63. Forecast of apparent consumption of steel, mln tonnes
    Table 64. Forecast of world production of steel, mln tonnes
    Table 65. Forecast of production of cast iron in the world, mln tonnes

    Figure 1. Global production of cast iron, steel (mln tonnes) and rates increasing production of cast iron (%)
    Figure 2. Production of cast iron in the world and China in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Figure 3. Regional structure of production of cast iron in 2000, %
    Figure 4. Regional structure of production of cast iron in 2006, %
    Figure 5. Production of cast iron and steel in China in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Figure 6. Production of cast iron in China and import of iron ore in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Figure 7. Production of cast iron in China (by months), mln tonnes
    Figure 8. Quantity of blast furnaces, equipped with PUT blowing facilities, consumption of PUT and coke in Japan
    Figure 9. Production of cast iron in Japan in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Figure 10. Quantity of blast furnaces in Japan, pieces
    Figure 11. Internal volume of blast furnaces in Japan, m3
    Figure 12. Production of cast iron in EU countries, mln tonnes
    Figure 13. The greatest producers of cast iron in EU countries, mln tonnes
    Figure 14. Dynamics of average annual capacities of blast furnaces, production of cast iron (mln tonnes) and utilisation of average annual capacities (%) in Russia in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Figure 15. Geographic pattern of location of cast iron production capacities in Russia in 2000 and 2006
    Figure 16. Production of cast iron by Russian enterrprises (by months) in 2006, kt
    Figure 17. Production of cast iron in Ukraine in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Figure 18. Dynamics of monthly production of cast iron in Ukraine in 2006, kt
    Figure 19. Production of commodity cast iron in Russia in 2002-2006, kt
    Figure 20. Dynamics of world exports of cast iron in 2000-2006, kt
    Figure 21. Structure of world exports of cast iron in 2006, %
    Figure 22. Dynamics of exports of cast iron by Brazil in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Figure 23. Brazilian export of cast iron by months (kt) and average export prices ($, tonnes)
    Figure 24. Dynamics of exports of cast iron by Russia (kt) and share of the exports in production (%) in 2000-2006
    Figure 25. Russian export of cast iron, broken by regions, in 2002-2006, mln tonnes
    Figure 26. Export of cast iron by Russia (kt) and average export prices ($/t) by months
    Figure 27. Dynamics of exports of cast iron by Ukraine in 2002-2006, kt
    Figure 28. Export of cast iron by Ukraine (kt) and average export prices ($/t) by months
    Figure 29. Dynamics of Chinese exports of cast iron, kt
    Figure 30. Export of cast iron (kt) by China and average export prices ($/t) by months
    Figure 31. Dynamics of expors of cast iron by the Republic of South Africa, kt
    Figure 32. Regional structure of world imports of cast iron, %
    Figure 33. Production of cast iron in USA and American imports of cast iron, mln tonnes
    Figure 34. Import of cast iron, metallised resources and scrap by USA in 2004-2006, mln tonnes
    Figure 35. Dynamics of imports of cast iron (kt) by USA and the import prices ($/t) by months
    Figure 36. Production of cast iron in EU countries (25 countries) and its import in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Figure 37. Imports of cast iron in EU countries from other countries and their share in total EU imports of the product, mln tonnes
    Figure 38. Import of cast iron by Asian countries, kt
    Figure 39. Import of cast iron by Japan in 2000-2006
    Figure 40. Import of cast iron by Japan (kt) and average prices ($/t)
    Figure 41. Import of cast iron by South Korea in 2000-2006, kt
    Figure 42. Import of cast iron by South Korea (kt) and average price ($/t)
    Figure 43. Import of cast iron by China in 2000-2006, kt
    Figure 44. Import of cast iron by China (kt) and import prices ($/t)
    Figure 45. Import of cast iron by Turkey in 2000-2006, kt
    Figure 46. Structure of regional consumption of cast iron in 2000 and 2006, %
    Figure 47. Production and consumption of cast iron in China in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Figure 48. Production and consumption of cast iron in Japan in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Figure 49. Production and consumption of cast iron in Russia in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Figure 50. Production and consumption of cast iron in USA in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Figure 51. Production and consumption of cast iron in Brazil in 2000-2006, mln tonnes
    Figure 52. Prices on cast iron and large-size steel scrap (HMS №1) for supplies from USA by South Korea and Japan, $/t c&f
    Figure 53. Import prices on cast iron and other iron resources in China, $/t cif the main ports of China
    Figure 54. Prices on cast iron at Chinese domestic market (province Hebei), including 17 % VAT, Yuan/tonne
    Figure 55. Import prices on steelmaking iron, EURO/tonne cfr Western Europe
    Figure 56. Export prices on cast iron, supplied from CIS, $/t
    Figure 57. Export prices on cast iron, supplied from Latin America, $/t fob
    Figure 58. Import prices on cast iron in USA, $/t
    Figure 59. Production of steel, broken by production routs, in the world
    Figure 60. Forecast of world production of cast iron and steel, mln tonnes
    Figure 61. Regional structure of production of cast iron in 2010, %

     

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